ROMAN ARMY IN SPAIN. JULIOBRIGA

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Legionary outpost/ roman town: Juliobriga

Present name: Retortillo.Reinosa. Cantabria.

Juliobriga was founded at the ending of Cantabre Wars (First Century BC) to reinforce the roman presence in the north area. The name of the town comes from the words Julio and briga. Julio is Julius Caesar and briga means oppidum or castro (hillfort). Since its origin it was a crossroads between cantabrian coast and the interior of the country.

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A romanic church was built over the city fórum. Juliobriga.

Present day you can visit the city forum, domus, porticoed street and a worker distric. The archeological site is ubicated in a a natural beauty spot with spectacular views near of the source of the Ebro river.

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Juliobriga. Domus and porticoed street.

According to Notitia Dignitatum a cavalry regiment (alae) I Cohors Celtiberorum was estationed at Juliobriga in 430 A.D.  Previously I Cohors was ubicated near of Brigantium (La Coruña) in Cidadela Roman Camp (Sobrado dos Monxes) . Thanks to ancient epigraphy we know the name of a roman soldier, Valerio Lupo, an assistance centurio of I Cohors Celtiberorum.

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Legionary tile stamps (C.O.H.I.C) I Cohors Celtiberorum. Coruña Museum.

For further information:

 Juliobriga.

https://www.turismodecantabria.com/disfrutala/que-visitar/46-ciudad-romana-de-juliobriga

Coruña Museum.

http://www.spain.info/es/que-quieres/arte/museos/coruna_a/museo_arqueologico_e_historico.html

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Altar stone. Valerio Lupo. An assistant centurio  I Cohors Celtiberorum (Second Century A.D)

 

Cover photo: Late Roman Army (5th Century AD). Tarraco Viva. Roman Festival. (Tarragona. Spain)

 

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